Very simply put, the monster is absolutely human. In the simplest of arguments, the monster takes on a name, Adam which is in no coincidence, the name of the first man. The monster tells Victor Frankenstein to refer to him as Adam and even states that he is the “fallen angel” (Shelley 107). Claiming a name does not exactly make something a human, but it establishes that what Victor has created has becoming something more than just a project. Besides the name, the monster was also created from human parts. Victor himself had the intent to create a human saying that he was without doubt of his ability to “give life to an animal as complex and wonderful as a man” and said that he “began the creation of a human being” (Shelley 48-49). Although Victor keeps talking about how he is creating a human being, the question of what exactly is a human being can come into play. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, a human, or humanity, is defined as “general psychological characteristics, feelings, and behavioral traits of humankind regarded and shared by all humans”. Behavioral traits encompass a wide variety of emotions and feelings, many of which we see the monster have throughout the story. At Victor and the monster’s first confrontation after the initial birth, Victor shouts at Adam calling him a devil, Shelley herself refers to him as ‘demon’. After several words from Victor, the monster tells Victor to relax and asks him why he wants to increase his already burdening misery (Shelley 106). From this we can draw that the monster does in fact have feelings and show emotions, or at least can recognize sadness within him. The feelings that are present in the monster satisfy the Oxford definition of what it takes to be part of the human race. Much like the rest of the human race, the monster just wanted a significant other, a sense of longing for something, further exploring his emotional canvas.
In a time where the definition of life is so broad yet specific, it’s difficult not to associate the creation of Victor’s monster to that of a baby. In recent years there has been a great deal of debate, confusion, and anger toward what is considered to be a human life. In a purely scientific and psychological sense to be a human, in simple terms, one must have the ability to have feelings or emotions. According to doctors at the University of California at San Francisco, a fetus cannot feel pain until its 28th week of gestation. Although the monster Victor created obviously could not be aborted or killed easily, but this comparison shows that a 20 week old unborn fetus has fewer feelings than this lab experiment that is referred to as a monster, demon, and devil. In the United States at this time, abortion in some states is still illegal. Many people fight for the pro-life, claiming that the unborn fetus is a human; if some people can be so strong-heartedly that an unborn fetus is a human, then why is there a even a question about whether Adam is human or not.
The true question that should be reflected upon is; who is the true monster? If humanity can recognize Victor for the colossal monstrosities he took part in, then why is there even hesitation when it comes to the creation, Adam. Because of Victor’s extreme irresponsibility, a total of five people in his life inevitably died because he was so inhumane. The character development that is viewed shows that as their lives go on, Victor loses his humanity while depriving Adam what he wants more than anything else. On a specifically definition based understanding of human/humanity, it shows evident that the monster, Adam, is through and through a human that exhibits deep well thought out feelings that control his life. The harsh judgment Victor give Adam is perplexing seeing that Victor made him. The visually appalling aspects of Adam should not play a social strain on his part of humanity.