Thursday, January 16, 2014

Frankenstein Through Captain Robert Walton's Lens

The great gift of human beings is that we have the power of empathy (Streep). Empathy is defined as the feeling that you understand and share another person's experiences and emotions (Webster). By understanding Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein through the lens of Captain Robert Walton, we can begin to recognize some of the pitfalls that are presented to us. Although the obvious temptation is to say that this is because Victor Frankenstein is narrating his story directly to Walton—who is in turn narrating it to us, the reader—actually it is because of Walton’s unique position. Because of his corresponding traits and experiences within the novel, he is able to empathize with both Victor and the monster. Thus, he is able to illuminate each characters’ flaws on a more personal level.
                The first such quality is ambition which Victor shares with Robert. Robert spends six years preparing for his voyage to the North Pole during which he “devoted [his] nights to the study of mathematics, the theory of medicine, and those branches of physical science.” (Shelley 3). The purpose of which is to “discover the wondrous power which attracts the needle.” (Shelley 2). He is driven by both the thirst for knowledge and glory which is exemplified with him writing to his sister, “You cannot contest the inestimable benefit which I shall confer on all mankind to the last generation.” (Shelley 2) Victor displays almost identical drive and ambition. He spends two years studying at Ingolstadt during which his studies “became nearly [his] sole occupation.”(Shelley 44). While recounting his youth, he expresses “what glory would attend the discovery, if I could banish disease from the human frame, and render man invulnerable.”(Shelley 32). Both characters were essentially chasing the same thing. Robert is in effect where Victor was the better part of a decade ago. Victor even recognizes that Robert is on a comparably dangerous path when Robert expresses the feeling that “One man’s life or death were but a small price to pay for the acquirement of knowledge which [he] sought.”(Shelley 17). In fact, it is so obvious to Victor that he warns Robert to “dash the cup from your lips!”(Shelley 17). And goes on to tell Robert his story in order to deter him from pursuing his obsession.
                Another similarity between Victor and Robert is that they are both extremely attached to their sisters. The way we are introduced to Robert is through the letters he writes to his sister, Margaret. Through his correspondence it is obvious he cares deeply for her. Out of context, one might even mistake these to be letters between two lovers because of the way he signs his letters off such as “Heaven shower down blessings on you, and save me, that I may again testify my gratitude for all your love and kindness.”(Shelley 5). Victor, on the other hand, is set to marry his “sister”—a prospect he is not opposed to. Victor feels very strongly toward Elizabeth saying, “No word, no expression could body forth the kind of relation in which she stood to me — my more than sister.”(Shelley 27).
The combination of this shared love for their sisters and their mutual ambitions lead Robert to form a strong sense of camaraderie with Victor. This attachment between them gives the sense that Robert doesn't recognize Victor’s negative aspects. Considering that Robert writes, “I have endeavored to discover what quality it is which he possesses that elevates him so immeasurably above any other person I ever knew. I believe it to be an intuitive discernment; a quick but never-failing power of judgment.”(Shelley 18) Coupled with the fact that Robert records what Victor says in “as nearly as possible in his own words.”(Shelley 20). It is plausible to assume Robert’s retelling of Frankenstein’s story is one that is told through rose-colored glasses.
                Simultaneously, Robert also shares characteristics with the monster. Robert is terribly lonely at the beginning of the novel. He admits to Margaret that, “I have no friend” (Shelley 5), that he has no one “whose tastes are like [his] own, to approve or amend his plans” (Shelley 6). and that he “greatly [needs] a friend who would have sense enough not to despise [him].” (Shelley 6). Similarly, the monster also yearns for companionship. He exclaims, “Am I not miserably alone?”(Shelley 107) as he recounts his experiences with mankind, namely De Lacey and his family. Likewise, Robert tells his sister of two of the crew members he has employed on his voyage. He describes them in a manner similar to that of someone from the outside looking in because he has no intimate relationship with these men. This is exactly the same as what the monster does while reflecting on his time at the cottage in Germany.
                Robert can, therefore, be considered a link between understanding both Victor and the monster. Robert’s ability to empathize with both characters through his account spotlights their chief flaws — unchecked ambition and desperation for camaraderie. Flaws which Robert himself possesses. By understanding Frankenstein through Robert’s lens, we should understand and hopefully learn from his perspective as to not make the same mistakes Victor and the monster did. Because after all, we have all felt like Captain Walton at one time or another.

Works Cited:
"Meryl Streep." Xplore Inc, 2014. 16 January 2014.

“Empathy” Merriam-Webster 2014 01/16/14

Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft, and Lynd Ward. Frankenstein: The Lynd Ward Illustrated Edition. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, 2009. Print.


Kyle McManigle said...
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Kyle McManigle said...

I thought the essay had some good points, and the examples you used, especially when talking about ambition, were very good. Pointing out the ambition as the main comparison was a very strong way to start. I would have liked to read more solid examples like you gave for ambition along with the other points you made. I thought talking about the reverence for their sisters was good since Shelley uses very strong language in describing the females like Elizabeth, but if you would have given more examples for that and the comparison with the monster, the essay would have really benefited. I also thought it was very good to point out Walton's infatuation with Victor as something that would cloud Victor's negative aspects. If you were to revise this essay, I would say that the central theme is strong, so the best way to elevate it would be to elaborate more on the second two points of comparison, as well as reshape some of the sentence structure to make it flow a little better. Some of the sentences seem a little choppy and almost abrupt such as the one at the bottom of the fourth paragraph, where you say, "Coupled with the fact that Robert records what Victor says in as nearly as possible in his own words." It might read better a little better if you were to combine sentences like this with the one before or after. The only other thing I would say to improve the essay would be to try to restructure the sentences where you use personal pronouns. For example, in the first paragraph where you say, "who is in turn narrating it to us, the reader...," you could just forgo using us and just say the reader.

Adam said...

The introduction is good and focused. Your idea is clear, and while it's hardly shocking, it's also not at all obvious. Good use of details from the text. Calling Elizabeth Frankenstein's "sister" is problematic, though. Adopted sister/fiance is a rather different category, since they are both siblings (sort of) and (theoretically) romantic/sexual partners. However, this actually works well with your evolving argument: "It is plausible to assume Robert’s retelling of Frankenstein’s story is one that is told through rose-colored glasses." What I'm trying to point out is that if Walton *does* think that Victor's relationship with Elizabeth is analogous to his own with Margaret (who is herself married...) that adds substantially to the naivety of Walton's character.

The comparison between Walton & the monster is very good, primarily because of your good use of the text. This alone would make this essay an interesting one to revise. How does your analysis survive (or how is it enhanced by) the end of the novel, where Walton & Victor actually meet. I'd also like (see our discussion in class) to see what you have to say about Victor's asides to Walton, and how they impact our understanding of the relationship.

This is a good draft. Your effective use of the text especially stands out.